Young Development Center (YDC)

Youth Development Center(YDC)- an initiative of Sankar Welfare Foundation

Youth in a country is the most viable and potential human resource not only in population structure
but also in social structure. Without proper and integrated bio-social development of the youth a
nation cannot achieve her human goals intended. Based on literatures reviewed this paper describes
youth's problems in their proper development and empowerment in Bangladesh. Although the
Government of Bangladesh has formulated policy, plans and programs for youth welfare and
implementing these programs through GOs and NGOs relevant literatures suggest that youths in
this country, irrespective of all age-grades and regions, face a lot of socio-cultural problems in which
they cannot develop and empower themselves properly. As a result, they cannot play their significant
roles in country's socioeconomic development and change. To overcome the youth's problems in
relation to their development and empowerment, some suggestions are formulated.
Goal: Youth, development, empowerment, self-employment and Bangladesh.

Youth in a country is the most viable and potential human resource not only in
Population structure but also in social structure. Without proper and integrated bio-social
development of the youth a nation cannot achieve her human goals intended. Based on literatures
reviewed this paper describes youth’s problems in their proper development and empowerment in
Bangladesh. Although the Government of Bangladesh has formulated policy, plans and programs
for youth welfare and implementing these programs through GOs and NGOs relevant literatures
suggest that youths in this country, irrespective of all age-grades and regions, face a lot of socio-
cultural problems in which they cannot develop and empower themselves properly. As a result, they
cannot play their significant roles in country’s socio-economic development and change. To
overcome the youth’s problems in relation to their development and empowerment, some
suggestions are formulated.
Key Words: Youth, development, empowerment, self-employment and Bangladesh.
INTRODUCTION
Youths are the backbone of any country because her proper development mostly depends upon the
integrated development of them. Development in Bangladesh also depends upon proper utilization
of her youths because they constitute about one-third (in the age group of 15-35 years) of total
population (Department of Youth Development, DYD 2009, 30) and 37.7 percent of the total
civilian labor force (Huq 2003, 9). But the youths of this country are suffering from various
socioeconomic problems, such as unemployment, underemployment, illiteracy, lack of technical
education, skill and training, and financial crisis for self-employment resulting from mass poverty
and lack of informative plan implemented (Akhter and Sultana 1993 and Sarker 2008). Though

ultimate success of economic and social development programs depends on active participation of
educated, trained, persevered, organized, disciplined and skilled youth force in development process
it is the matter of regret that the youths of Bangladesh could not acquire such qualities due to
existing socioeconomic conditions. Hence, they are not able to participate in decision making
process of development work as well as their self-employment.
Furthermore, the technology-based education system, institutions for technology based education
and training were not developed adequately in the recent past. Therefore, the youths of Bangladesh
did not have much opportunity to get technology-based professional education and training that can
help them to get jobs, create self-employment, and develop their leadership qualities. The needed
harmony between the economic development and manpower development programs had not been
adequately developed through our educational systems. As a result, large numbers of educated
young were unemployed in Bangladesh (Sarker 2008). Such type of unemployment situation is still
existed in our country (24.5 percent on the basis of number of hours worked per week (GOB 2008,
67). They are not only detached from mainstream of development process but also some of them
are involved in various anti-social activities (Hossain 2002).
raining Programs for Youth Empowerment
Skill development training is one of the important programs in Bangladesh in the field youth
development. The government has adopted the training program as human resource development
strategy to make the youth diligent and skilled manpower through its various agencies. It helps
the
participants to wide the horizon of their knowledge on a particular aspect; enrich their
potentiality
to contribute to the development. Participants also learn to mobilize resources around them.
Training also brings some positive changes in participants’ attitude and behavior (Chowdhury
1997,
19). These changes help the trainees to promote their self-understanding, and turn the human
being
into human resource. For this reason, training programs in GO and NGO sectors are being
implemented as youth empowerment strategy in Bangladesh. The DYD is playing pioneer role in
imparting training to youth in Bangladesh. The DYD is developing different types of training
programs and nurturing today’s youth leaders. The training program of DYD is in operation in
64
districts and 476 upazila offices (including 10 metropolitan unit thanas). Under this program
youths
are provided training on various trades like dress-making, block, batik and screen printing,
pisciculture, aquaculture, wool knitting, modern office management, computer application,
livestock, poultry, computer, radio & TV repairing, electric and house wiring, secretarial science,
steno-typing, and so-forth (DYD 2009, 31). The government has started National Service
Program
from the year of 2009-2010 for training and employment to the unemployed youths whose
educational qualifications are from SSC (Grade 10) to above. Presently, as pilot program, two
poverty stricken districts namely Kurigram and Barguna have been selected for this program and
an
amount of Tk. 20 crore has been allocated for the financial year of 2009-2010. Firstly, the
unemployed youths of the selected district will have three months’ basic training on selected
modules and will be attached with different nation building organizations. It is expected that
after

gathering knowledge, skill and experience they will get their desired job. The program will be
expanded to allover the country phase by phase (ibid, 33).
However, 18,78,153 youths have received training on various trades from these training centers
up
to June 2009 (ibid, 35). Most of them are self-employed. Findings of a study (DYD 2009a) show
that after receiving training they are now able to make decision regarding their project, family
and
Youth Problems 71
community planning. But before receiving training they were idle, vagabond, and burden of
family
as well as of the nation (GOB 2002, 8). It is the great success of DYD to create realization
among
the youths that they are not liability for the nation rather they are able to contribute for the
development of the nation along with their their self-employment and wellbeing. The DYD also
impart training on human relations like: management, personnel management, leadership
development, motivation, communication, civic education, problem solving and decision making
and national social services for its staff and other youths that expand capacity of the participants.
The Department of Social Services (DSS) under the Ministry of